Magic square

A MAGIC SQUARE is a square table of positive integers (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, etc.) constructed so that the sum of the numbers on each row, on each column and in both diagonals always gives the same number called the magic constant. The number of columns or rows is called the order of the square. Humans have always been attracted to mathematical games and the puzzles they involve. The magic square, in addition to being used as a puzzle, is in fact used by various civilizations–Arabs and Greeks especially–in certain applications of mathematics, such as combinatorial calculus, particularly to discover the total number of possible combinations depending on the order.

How to play

Choose whether to play with the 3×3 or 4×4 square. Distribute the pebbles in the wells so that adding the ones in the rows, or in the columns, or in the two diagonals gives the same number of pebbles. In the case of the 3×3 square the constant sum must be 15, in the case of the 4×4 square the constant is 34.

How to build

  • Horizontal pallet 120×120 cm
  • Vertical pallet 100×215 cm
  • MDF and cardboard base game 80x80x8cm, with 16 holes for bowls (12 cm diameter)
  • Cardboard title panel
  • Cardboard panel with explanation and Durer photo (100×100 cm)
  • Cardboard panel with explanation (65×10 cm)
  • n. 16 “IKEA style” stainless steel bowls (12 cm diameter)
  • Numbers from 1 to 16 or pebbles in quantity
  • Baskets for numbers or pebbles

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